Issue 20-35, July 27, 2020
- IN MEMORIAM: MICHAEL I. MISHCHENKO (1959-2020)
- DPS ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS SUBCOMMITTEE WHITE PAPER
- FINAL REMINDER: VOTE IN THE DPS 2020 ELECTIONS
- JWST CYCLE 1 GENERAL OBSERVER (GO) PROPOSAL DEADLINE
- OUTER PLANETS ASSESSMENT GROUP (OPAG) VIRTUAL MEETING
- FALL AGU VIRTUAL MEETING, ABSTRACT SUBMISSIONS OPEN
IN MEMORIAM: MICHAEL I. MISHCHENKO (1959-2020)
It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of our colleague Michael I.
Mishchenko. Dr. Michael Mishchenko was a graduate of the Moscow Institute of
Physics and Technology and received his PhD (with honors) and Habilitation Doctoral
degrees in physics from the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU). He
worked at the Main Astronomical Observatory in Kiev (1987-1992) and then joined
the research staff of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York.
Michael’s research interests included electromagnetic scattering by morphologically
complex particles and particle groups, polarimetry, aerosol and cloud remote sensing,
and ocean optics.
One of Michael’s principal accomplishments was his development of efficient T-matrix
methods to enable numerically exact computer calculations of scattering and absorption
by complex dispersions of randomly and preferentially oriented atmospheric particulates.
T-matrix techniques are based on direct solutions of the Maxwell equations. The resulting
computer programs work for morphologically complex particles with large size parameters,
with benchmark accuracy over their range of applicability. Michael’s T-matrix computer
programs have been publicly available on-line since 1997, and have been used in more than
1450 peer-reviewed publications. Michael himself used T-matrix methods in pioneering
studies of the effects of morphological particle complexities on the radiative, polarization,
and depolarization properties of mineral aerosols, fractal-soot and soot-containing aerosols,
soot-contaminated cloud droplets, contrail particles, and polar stratospheric and noctilucent clouds.
Beyond scattering by single particles Michael derived the general theory of radiative transfer
in particulate media directly from the Maxwell equations, an accomplishment that had eluded
scientists for over a century. This microphysical derivation established the existence of a
fundamental link between electromagnetics, radiative transfer, and coherent backscattering,
defined the formal conditions of applicability of the radiative transfer equation, and clarified
the physical nature of measurements taken with directional radiometers. It also identified and
dispelled misconceptions inherent in conventional phenomenological radiometry and radiative
transfer theory. As a result of Michael’s work, the disciplines of radiative transfer and directional
radiometry are now legitimate branches of physical optics.
While Michael was a consummate theoretician he also managed the NASA/GEWEX Global
Aerosol Climatology Project developing an innovative algorithm to infer aerosol properties
from multi-channel ISCCP radiance data and compiling the first global satellite climatology
of aerosol optical thickness and size for the full period of satellite observations. Building on
this work Michael’s seminal sensitivity analysis of passive algorithms for the retrieval of aerosol
properties from space using radiance and polarization data was instrumental in the development
of the NASA Glory Space Mission for which Michael served as Project Scientist.
Dr. Mishchenko published 7 monographs, 23 peer-reviewed book chapters, and some 300
journal papers. He was Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and
Radiative Transfer and of Physics Open. He previously served as Topical Editor on scattering
and meteorological optics for Applied Optics and was an editorial board member for several
other scholarly journals.
An elected Fellow of AGU, OSA, AMS, IoP (UK), and the Electromagnetics Academy,
Dr. Mishchenko was the recipient of numerous professional awards including the AMS
Henry G. Houghton Award, Hendrik C. van de Hulst Award from Elsevier, and two NASA
Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medals. The International Astronomical Union honored
Michael by giving Asteroid 22686 (1998 QL53) the name “Mishchenko”.
Michael passed away on July 21, 2020. His loss and his legacy are enormous.
Andy Lacis, Larry Travis, Barbara Carlson, and Brian Cairns
NASA GISS, 2880 Broadway, New York, NY 10025
DPS ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS SUBCOMMITTEE WHITE PAPER
The DPS Environmental Affairs Subcommittee (DPSEAS) has written a white paper
“Pathways to Sustainable Planetary Science” to be submitted to the Decadal Survey.
Please have a look
and considering endorsing at
FINAL REMINDER: VOTE IN THE 2020 DPS ELECTIONS
Thank you to those have already voted in the 2020 DPS Elections. As of today, 506 DPS
Members have cast their ballots, a 41% turnout, matching last year’s record turnout!
We are very close to beating that record that this year!
Please vote today if you have not already done so as this is the FINAL WEEK to cast your
ballot. The 2020 election for Vice-Chair and Committee closes this Friday, July 31, 2020.
We are electing the first-ever student representatives to the DPS Committee this year,
so please take a moment to review the candidate statements and cast your vote. Thanks!
To vote you should have received an email from the AAS asking you to cast your ballot.
Each email contains a link with a unique code that will bring you to the ballot site. There
is no need to enter your AAS login information. You will be able to review the candidate
statements and cast your vote.
You should vote for one of the two candidates for Vice-Chair:
· Diana Blaney
· Nader Haghighipour
The Vice-Chair will become the DPS Chair in October 2021.
You should vote for two of the four candidates for DPS Committee:
· Jessie Christiansen
· Edgard Rivera-Valentín
· Kelsi Singer
· Matt Tiscareno
The successful candidates will serve on the DPS Committee for three years.
You should vote for one of the two candidates for the student representatives to the
· Malena Rice
· Maya Yanez
The successful student candidate will serve on the DPS Committee for two years.
This information also appears on the election page when you click on the link in your
email sent from the AAS.
JWST CYCLE 1 GENERAL OBSERVER (GO) PROPOSAL DEADLINE
The major disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic continues to affect all of us.
Integration and testing of the James Webb Space Telescope are among the activities impacted.
NASA has re-evaluated the project schedule and announced a launch readiness date of October 31, 2021.
After consulting with the JWST Users Committee, STScI, NASA, ESA and CSA
have finalized the review schedule for Cycle 1 proposals.
The JWST Cycle 1 General Observer (GO) proposal deadline will be 08:00 pm Eastern
Time (ET) on Tuesday November 24, 2020.
We are announcing the deadline well in advance, so that proposers have flexibility to
prepare proposals as their COVID-impacted schedules permit. The Call for Proposals
remains unchanged from its release earlier this year. All proposal tools and documentation
are available to proposers.
The JWST Telescope Allocation Committee (TAC) will review the proposals in February
2021 and recommend the Cycle 1 GO science program for announcement in March 2021.
We send best wishes to our user community and their families in these challenging times.
As always, please contact the jwst helpdesk if you have any questions.
OUTER PLANETS ASSESSMENT GROUP (OPAG) VIRTUAL MEETING
The Outer Planets Assessment Group (OPAG) meeting will be held virtually
September 1–3, 2020. Each day, the meeting will run from 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. PDT
(12:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. EDT).
The focus of this timely meeting will be on aspects of the decadal survey that are
relevant to OPAG. Status reports will be requested from the Decadal Survey co-chairs
and panel chairs.
Registration fees are not being collected for this virtual meeting, but registration is
required. To continue receiving updates complete the electronic registration form.
Registered attendees will receive an e-mail prior to the workshop from Houston
Meeting Info with virtual connection information.
For more information, contact Meeting and Publication Services
USRA/Lunar and Planetary Institute [email protected]
FALL AGU VIRTUAL MEETING, ABSTRACT SUBMISSIONS OPEN
The American Geophysical Union Fall Virtual Meeting 2020 abstract
submission site is now open. Go to: http://www.agu.org/Fall-Meeting
Abstract submission guidelines are at: http://www.agu.org/Fall-Meeting/2020/Present/Abstracts
Session Viewer/Abstract submission site is at: http://agu.confex.com/agu/fm20/prelim.cgi/Home/0
We will be keeping all sites updated with information regarding the virtual meeting
as the planning continues.
AGU FALL MEETING SESSION: “ENCELADUS: A HABITABLE WORLD BECKONS”
Saturn’s small yet active icy moon remains one of the most scientifically compelling
worlds in the solar system.
In this long-running special session, now in its 15th year, we seek to sustain a highly
multidisciplinary and stimulating atmosphere that enables a deeper understanding of
the nature and causes of Enceladus’ activity. We encourage submissions that specifically
provide insights into the moon’s interior, biological potential, surface morphology, south
polar plume, and space environment from diverse disciplines: e.g., planetary geology,
comparative planetology of relevant icy satellites, terrestrial studies, hydrothermal systems,
oceanography, geodynamics, tectonics, volcanology, space physics, organic chemistry,
geochemistry, astrobiology, origins of life, microbiology, and biosignatures. Field,
laboratory, and theoretical studies are all welcome.
We also welcome contributions on Cassini data analysis and modeling, as well as instrument
and mission concept developments that will lay the groundwork for a new generation of
explorers to Enceladus.
Abstract submission deadline: July 29, 2020
Abstract submission link: https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm20/prelim.cgi/Session/101707
Chris Glein (SwRI) and Bill McKinnon (WashU)
AGU FALL MEETING SESSION: P006 – CARBON ACROSS THE SOLAR SYSTEM
ON THE EVE OF RETURNING ASTEROID SAMPLES
Studies of the existence and state of carbonaceous material on Solar System bodies
is at the forefront of planetary research. Samples of low-albedo asteroid 162173 Ryugu
are en route to the Earth on the Hayabusa2 probe, and a rehearsal of the initial sample
analysis is planned. At this time, the OSIRIS-REx space probe sampling of low-albedo
asteroid 101955 Bennu has been rehearsed. As a framework for these studies, telescopic,
laboratory and theoretical studies of carbon in all its forms have recently snowballed.
The 2018 SSERVI Carbon in the Solar System workshop launched a series of presentations
and discussions at various planetary science venues, enabling an information exchange
around the weathering of carbonaceous compounds in response to thermal processes and
irradiation, and what implications these compositions have for understanding material
processing in the Solar System. We will generate and share ideas to support research
and the imminent arrival of new samples.
We invite abstracts to be submitted through July 29:
Faith Vilas (Planetary Science Institute)
Amanda R. Hendrix (Planetary Science Institute)
AGU FALL MEETING SESSION: “GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS OF SATELLITES
AND SMALL BODIES: TO IO, AND BEYOND”
We wish to invite abstracts to the AGU Fall Meeting Planetary Science session
“Geology and Geophysics of Satellites and Small Bodies: to Io, and Beyond.
This is an exciting time for exploring the dynamic, evolving small bodies in the
Solar System. The AGU abstract submission site will open in late June. The
deadline for all submissions is Wednesday, 29 July at 23:59 EDT. We hope to
see you (virtually!) in December.
Conveners: A.G. Davies, K. de Kleer, T. McCord, T. V. Johnson
This is a session of contributed and invited papers on the geology and geophysics
of active or recently active satellites and dwarf planets, including small exoplanets.
Research is progressing rapidly due to the stream of new spacecraft and Earth-based
telescope data. Additionally, there are exciting future missions to the Jovian system
under development, including Europa Clipper, JUICE, and the proposed Io Volcano
Observer. Papers are welcomed on processes that affect the interiors of individual
bodies as well as the surface expressions they produce. Included are the effects and
chronology of internal heating (tidal dissipation and radioactivity), structural evolution
(e.g., differentiation), tides, and other geophysical and geological processes (e.g.,
Ashley Gerard Davies, Katherine de Kleer, Tom McCord and Torrence Johnson.
AGU FALL MEETING SESSION “LOOKING AHEAD TO THE FUTURE OF PLANETARY SCIENCE”
We’d like to invite abstracts to the virtual AGU session “ Looking ahead to the future of
Planetary Science” to be submitted through https://www.agu.org/Fall-Meeting/2020/Present/Abstracts
through July 29th, and look forward to seeing you for a fascinating session.
LOOKING AHEAD TO THE FUTURE OF PLANETARY SCIENCE
In preparation for the NASA Decadal Survey, the Planetary Science Division awarded
funds to study eleven mission concepts under the rubric of PMCS (Planetary Mission
Concept Studies). This program element solicited proposals for mission concept studies
that addressed NASA’s planetary science objectives, which are to ascertain the content,
origin, and evolution of the Solar System and the potential for life elsewhere. The oral
session will highlight the final reports of these Planetary Science Decadal Survey studies,
while abstracts for additional concepts that the community may have will be solicited to
be presented in a poster session.
Thanks a lot,
Doris Daou, Pat Beauchamp and Julie Castillo-Rogez
AGU FALL MEETING SESSION “THE FUTURE OF PLANETARY ATMOSPHERIC,
SURFACE, AND INTERIOR SCIENCE USING RADIO AND LASER LINKS”
Radio science has been used to study solar system phenomena and fundamental physics
for over five decades. The scope of this session includes radio and optical science techniques
to study ocean worlds, planetary and small body interiors, the dynamics, composition,
and thermal structure of planetary atmospheres, to characterize the scattering, electrical,
and other properties of planetary surfaces, to study solar system dynamics, and to conduct
tests in fundamental physics. Of particular interest are presentations on radio science investigations
motivated by U.S. Planetary Science Decadal Survey white papers. Relevant technology topics
include but are not limited to the design of small spacecraft networks and constellations, advances
in flight and ground instrumentation, advances in space clock technologies, novel communications
architectures including optical links, advances in radio and laser technologies, and new techniques
and instrumentation for entry probe radio science.
The conveners invite abstracts to be submitted through July 29 at https://www.agu.org/Fall-Meeting/2020/Present/Abstracts
David H. Atkinson, Sami W. Asmar, Luciano Iess, Silvia Tellmann
AGU FALL MEETING SESSION “TITAN – PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE INVESTIGATIONS OF SATURN’S GIANT MOON”
Titan’s unique standing as the only moon in the solar system with a dense atmosphere
provides an environment like no other. Its complex meteorology of rainfall, wind, rivers,
lakes and seas interacting with a solid surface is reminiscent of the planets of the inner
solar system, while its icy crust and deep liquid water interior provide comparison to outer
solar system ocean worlds, such as Europa, Ganymede and Enceladus. Titan alone straddles
these diverse environments, providing a fertile natural laboratory for studying one-of-a-kind
chemistry, dynamics, geology and more. This session welcomes new results from past missions
including Voyager and Cassini-Huygens; present day modeling, observations and experiments;
and on-going scientific research to prepare for future missions including Dragonfly.
The conveners invite abstracts to be submitted through
https://www.agu.org/Fall-Meeting/2020/Present/Abstracts through July 29th, and look forward
to a session filled with exciting new results.
Conor Nixon, Alex Hayes, Kathy Mandt and Christophe Sotin
AGU FALL MEETING SESSION “CONCEPTS FOR FUTURE PLANETARY SCIENCE
MISSIONS AND INSTRUMENTS” (E-LIGHTNING)
Today planetary science missions are exploring the solar system as never before.
NASA spacecraft are headed to targets from Mercury to the Kuiper Belt, and aiming
to return the first samples from Mars and asteroid Bennu. ESA spacecraft are reaching
new targets from Mercury to Jupiter, and a wave of other missions from countries around
the world are targeting the Moon, Mars, near-Earth asteroids and beyond, with an dizzying
array of orbiters, rovers and landers. It is an exciting, dynamic time for planetary scientists
with new opportunities to propose mission concepts ranging from small Cubesats to traditional
large missions. This session solicits interactive electronic poster (e-Lightning) presentations
on novel mission and instrument concepts designed for future planetary science missions.
Abstract submissions are encouraged on all relevant mission and instrument concepts at:
https://www.agu.org/Fall-Meeting/2020/Present/Abstracts by July 29th.
We look forward to another very interesting session in December.
Conor Nixon, Morgan Cable, Charles Hibbitts, Melissa Trainer
AGU-2020 SESSION ON PLANETARY ACCRETION AND DIFFERENTIATION
We invite contributions to the session “Accretion and differentiation of rocky planets:
perspectives from geophysics, geochemistry, & astronomy” at the AGU Fall Meeting
from 7-11 December 2020, which will be at least partially virtual this year. We welcome
contributions from all disciplines to advance the understanding of the formation and
differentiation of rocky planets including, but not limited to, geochemistry, geophysics,
cosmochemistry, planetary science, and astronomy:
https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm20/prelim.cgi/Session/101356. The AGU
abstract portal is already open and the deadline for submissions is Wednesday, 29 July.
Session description: The simultaneous advent of high-resolution observations of planet-
forming disks and enhanced prospects to characterize rocky exoplanets highlights the need
for increasing interdisciplinary collaboration to understand the birth and life cycle of terrestrial
worlds in our solar system and exoplanetary systems. Therefore, this session welcomes
abstracts that address new observational, theoretical, and laboratory constraints on the
formation of Earth and other terrestrial planets in the solar system as well as in exoplanetary
systems. This includes modeling, observational, and experimental studies related to properties
of planetesimals, impacts, pebble accretion, core segregation, moon formation, crust–mantle
differentiation, atmosphere formation, or other major geophysical/geochemical processes that
fundamentally shape the evolution of rocky planetesimals and planets during their formation
and early evolution.
Conveners: Laura Schaefer (Stanford), Rebecca Fischer (Harvard), Tim Lichtenberg (Oxford)
Invited Speakers: Bethany Chidester (UC Davis), Jennifer Bergner (UChicago)
Sections: Study of Earth’s Deep Interior (primary), Mineral and Rock Physics, Planetary Science
Themes: Origin and evolution, Planetary atmospheres, Planetary interiors, Planetary Geochemistry
Send submissions to:
Anne Verbiscer, DPS Secretary ([email protected])
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