Date: Thu, 13 Jul 2006 19:23:57 -0600
Subject: DPS Mailing #06-15:  DPS Election 2006
To:  All Active Members of the DPS
From:  Linda French Emmons, DPS Secretary
Subject:  Election of Officers and Committee members
In accordance with the bylaws of the Division for Planetary Sciences, 
the membership must elect a Vice-Chair and two DPS Committee members. 
The person elected as the Vice-Chair will serve in that capacity during 
2006-2007 and then serve as DPS Chair during 2007-2008.  The two 
Committee Members elected will serve in those positions for three-year 
terms.  The members retiring from the Committee are Bill McKinnon 
(Past-Chair), Fran Bagenal, and Jim Bell.  Biographies and 
position  statements for all of the candidates are included in this 
at midnight EDT Tuesday, July 18.  That link will be sent in another 
enews on Monday, July 17.  You will need to know your AAS username 
and password; if you have forgotten these you can obtain them 
automatically from the AAS website.   As always, we need to protect 
against duplicate voting; if you vote online your logging in will 
enforce this requirement.
As mailings over the past weeks have noted, those who do not wish to 
vote online have had the option of requesting a paper ballot to be 
returned by regular mail.  If you are voting by regular mail, you 
must be sure to identify yourself in a legible manner on the ballot 
provided.  I will also accept ballots by fax (309.556.3864) as long 
as the identity of the voter is clearly indicated.  Ballots 
submitted anonymously, by any means, will not be counted.  And 
Paper ballots have been mailed to DPS members who do not have email 
addresses on file with the AAS, as well as to members who have 
requested them.
Following this message are the position statements for each candidate. 
Please indicate your selections either online, beginning next week, or 
on the paper ballot (if you have requested one) and return the paper 
ballot to me either by fax or regular mail.
The deadline for receipt of the ballots by me is Monday, July 31, 2006;
 online voting will be available until midnight Tuesday, August 1 
(i.e., at the end of the day Monday, July 31).
Linda French Emmons, DPS Secretary
Department of Physics
Illinois Wesleyan University
P.O. Box 2900
Bloomington, IL 61702 USA
MICHAEL J. MUMMA, Candidate for Vice-Chair
Biographical Information:
Michael J. Mumma was educated at Franklin and Marshall College 
(A.B. 1963, Physics), and the University of Pittsburgh (Ph. D. 1970, 
Physics) and joined NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center thereafter. 
At Goddard, he has mentored 30 post-docs and senior visiting scientists 
and has co-directed four Ph. D. and two M. S. theses, holding 
Adjunct Professorships at Penn State Univ. (1982 - 1989) and the 
Univ. of Toledo (2002-2005) for that purpose.
At Goddard, he is founding Director of the Goddard Center for 
Astrobiology (2003 - present) and Senior Scientist in the 
Solar System Exploration Division (2005 - present).  Earlier, he founded 
the Infrared and Radio Astronomy Branch (1975-1978), the Infrared 
Astronomy Branch (1978- 1985), and the Planetary Systems Branch 
(1985-1990), and he served as Chief Scientist for Planetary Research 
(1990 - 2004), all in the Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics (LEP).  
He founded several research activities within LEP, including the 
infrared heterodyne group, the laboratory infrared spectroscopy group, 
and the cometary spectroscopy group.
He has research interests in atomic and molecular structure, planetary 
and cometary physics and chemistry, and the formation, evolution, 
and characterization of planetary systems.  His astronomical interests 
span the electromagnetic spectrum.  Recent work has utilized observatories 
on Mauna Kea (NASA - IRTF, Keck, and Subaru), in Chile (Gemini South and 
ESO-VLT), and in space (FUSE and Suzaku/Astro-E2).  He currently 
is vigorously continuing his cometary studies, actively searching 
for biomarker gases on Mars, investigating cometary volatiles in 
the environment surrounding young stars, and searching for 
ionospheric emission from exoplanets.
He has been a member of DPS since 1972, and he was Organizer of the 
1994 Annual Meeting (Bethesda, MD).  He co-organized three other 
major meetings that were heavily attended by planetary astronomers: 
"The Study of Comets" (Greenbelt, MD 1974), 
"Vibrational-Rotational Spectroscopy for Planetary Atmospheres" 
(Annapolis, 1981), and "Astrophysics from the Moon" (Annapolis, 1990).  
Since 1975, he has served on numerous NASA, NSF, and NRC advisory 
committees and review panels.  He served as co-representative from 
NASA on the Keck Science Steering Committee (1995-2002), and he 
currently serves on the Executive Council of NASA's Astrobiology Institute.
Candidate Statement:
The principal roles of the DPS are:  1. to provide a forum in which 
planetary scientists can present results, discuss issues, and 
formulate plans, and 2. to assist its members in promoting and 
achieving community objectives.
Our fundamental objective is to enhance the health and vigor of 
planetary science, by which I mean our pursuit of improved understanding 
of planetary systems - their origins and evolution, their current state, 
and all other related topics concerning them. Our own planetary system 
is the paradigm for all others - and our home - hence it is 
centrally important.  The chief measures of health and vigor include:  
1. the pace and significance of new scientific insights, 
2. the adoption of new initiatives for extending current knowledge, 
3. the persistence of funds to support ongoing research and analysis 
and their commensurate growth to meet expanded opportunities, and 
4. the maintenance of opportunities for professional placement and 
growth - especially by early career scientists. 
The times are perilous.  The present challenge is clear, and it 
differs fundamentally from other serious challenges of recent 
decades.  First, ALL of science is under attack.  Second, the attack 
enjoys support from the very top of the Executive Branch.  Until now, 
major challenges took place within NASA's Science sector and often 
involved choosing among a plethora of possible science missions.  
Now, the conflict is occurring between the human and robotic 
(i.e., Science) exploration sectors, and its outcome is directed from 
the top of NASA.  The Advisory structure has been changed too, weakening 
the influence of active scientists by requiring all advice to pass 
to the Administrator directly, through a single committee.  This same 
logic leads to reduced funds for Research and Analysis, in keeping with 
the reduction in missions. Efforts to reverse these decisions by 
addressing NASA directly have been ineffective.
Fortunately, we have a powerful alternative.  Science has many friends in 
the Legislative Branch, and they have responded to political pressure 
from our community and others.  As a result, some announced 
program cancellations were rescinded (e.g., Dawn) or are being 
reconsidered (e.g., SOFIA), and additional funds were added recently 
during markup - restoring significant funds to JIMO, TPF, and to R&A.  
This is good, but not good enough.  The community pushback was done 
in a reactive mode rather than a proactive one. The fundamental 
change mentioned above calls for a corresponding change in the way we 
promote our science. 
We must work harder and more consistently to strengthen support for 
planetary science, because it is correct for the nation and indeed the 
world.  We must avoid strict partisanship - and instead work to strengthen 
a tide that lifts all science boats.  We must continue to address members 
of both Legislative and Executive Branches at appropriate levels.  And 
we must take every opportunity for public outreach - paying special 
attention to those that address the great "multipliers" - educators, 
policy makers, and members of the media.
Last, we should not forget that NSF also supports planetary astronomy, but 
at a budgetary level that is far lower than our fractional representation 
(17%) among members of the American Astronomical Society.  I believe it 
is important (and long overdue) to redress that severe and glaring imbalance.  
I will work towards that end. 
S. ALAN STERN, Candidate for Vice-Chair
Education and Recent Professional Background:
BS (Physics, 1978), BA (Astronomy, 1980), University of Texas
MS (Aerospace Engineering, 1981), University of Texas
PhD (Astrophysics and Planetary Science, 1989), University of Colorado
Research Fellow, Center for Space & Geosciences Policy, U. Colorado 1988-1990
Principal Scientist, SwRI Space Science Department, 1991-1992
Section Manager, SwRI Space Science Department, 1992-1998
Department Director, SwRI Space Studies Department, 1998-2004
Executive Director, SwRI Space Science & Engineering Division, 2004-
Prior PI in NASA Origins, Planetary Astronomy, AISRP, IUE, HST, and 
Neptune DAP programs.
Over 175 papers; topics include: Kuiper Belt, Pluto and Triton, the 
Oort Cloud, the atmospheres of the Moon, Io, and comets, 
UV photometry/imaging/spectroscopy, and space policy.
Space Mission Experience
Participating Scientist, New Millennium Deep Space-1
CoI Mars Express SPICAM, Venus Express SPICAV, HST Cosmic 
Origins Spectrograph.
PI: NASA Sounding Rocket Program (7 flights); 
            Shuttle CHAMP & SWUIS UV imagers (4 flights); 
            Rosetta-Alice UV spectrograph; 
            New Horizons-Alice UV spectrograph; 
            New Horizons-Ralph VIS-IR imager/spectrograph; 
            LRO-LAMP spectrograph.
PI: New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission.
Selected Committee Service:
Member, Lunar Science Exploration Working Group (LExSWG)
Member, Solar System Exploration Subcommittee (SSES)
Member, New Millennium Program Science Working Group (NMPSWG)
Member, NRC Solar System Decadal Survey, Primitive Bodies Panel
Member, NAS Committee on Scientific Context for the Exploration of the Moon
Chair, HST Planetary Telescope Allocation Committee (TAC)
Chair, NASA Outer Planets Science Working Group (OPSWG)
DPS Service & Experience:
Member, DPS Program Committee, 1990, 1994
Member, Nominating Committee, 1998, 1999; Chair 2000
Co-Chair, New Orleans DPS-2001 Local Organizing Committee, 1998-2001
Co-Chair, New Orleans DPS-2001 Program Committee, 2000-2001
Member, DPS Federal Relations Subcommittee, 2004-2006
Chair, DPS Federal Relations Subcommittee, 2006
Candidate Statement:
We are now in a time of both great opportunities for and great challenges to 
our field. Opportunities present themselves for a new flagship-class 
planetary mission, for an exciting renaissance of robotic and human lunar 
exploration, for an increased role in planetary exploration by ESA, JAXA, and 
ISRO, and in the exciting data from missions like MRO, MER, Deep Impact, 
Cassini, Stardust, and MEX and VEX. But threats present themselves too. These 
include R&A cuts, insufficient funds to analyze data from on-going missions, 
reductions in future mission flight rates, and a lack of enthusiasm for 
public service at NASA Headquarters.
The DPS plays a pivotal role in representing planetary science to NASA, to 
Congress, to OMB, and to the public at large. As such, it is the 
responsibility of the DPS leadership to capitalize on current opportunities 
and to overcome the current threats. DPS needs committed volunteers who want 
to take it to new heights. I offer my time and my energy in that service.
There is a great deal that needs to be done in the coming years. DPS must 
work to significantly increase funds to R&A programs. We must also work to 
demonstrate the advantages to both grantors and grantees of increased size 
and duration grants in R&A programs. And DPS should work to steeply increase 
data analysis funds, so that space missions return their full value in 
research results.
We also need to increase the flight rates for New Frontiers, Discovery, and 
Mars Scout back to their intended levels. And we should capitalize on the new 
lunar flight programs in NASA's Exploration directorate to advance lunar 
science in a win-win for both planetary science and NASA's exploration 
These objectives-for both research programs and missions-will require a great 
deal of effort to be successful, but they are feasible and I will make it my 
top priority for the DPS to champion them energetically. Being employed 
outside the government gives me the freedom to directly lobby NASA and 
Congress on behalf of the DPS.
Within the DPS's other responsibilities, I want to see the DPS work more 
closely with sister professional organizations like AGU and GSA to advance 
our common interests, for there is strength in numbers. And I want to see the 
DPS become more heavily involved in practical training of students and 
postgraduates in how to win grants and instrument/mission proposals; perhaps 
an annual workshop in concert with DPS meetings would be helpful in this 
regard. So too, I'd like to see the DPS explore corporate fund raising for 
student fellowships and travel grants. Finally, I want to help continue the 
outstanding annual meetings for which the DPS is known.
In addition to research grant work during the 20 years I have been a DPS 
member, I have PI'ed flight instruments, and guided a large mission from 
inception, through political difficulties, and ultimately to launch. I've 
organized a DPS meeting and I've served on and chaired both the DPS 
Nominating Committee and the Federal Relations Subcommittee. I have worked 
with and know the current NASA leadership well.
These attributes are not unique, but they do represent an experience base and 
an energy level that can hopefully serve the DPS well as we go forward to 
advocate for our field.
I would like to bring these diverse experiences to the helm of the DPS as we 
lay the groundwork for the second decade of 21st-century planetary 
exploration. I am used to public advocacy, and I am willing to work 
tirelessly to represent the DPS's interests.
ATHENA COUSTENIS, Candidate for  DPS Committee
Biographical Information :
Education :
Masters Degree (Maitrise) in Physics (1986, P. & M. Curie, Paris VI Univ.) 
and English Literature (1987, La Sorbonne, Paris III Univ.)
Ph. D. in Astrophysics and Space Techniques (1989, Paris VII Univ.)
Habilitation to Direct Research (HDR) in Astrophysics (1996, Paris VII Univ.)
Permanent position as researcher 1st class, National Scientific Research 
Center (CNRS, France) since 1991. Working at the Department of Space Studies 
and Instrumentation in Astrophysics (LESIA) at Paris-Meudon Observatory.
Recent Service:
- Division officer and organizer of planetary sessions at the European 
     Geosciences Union (EGU) since 2000
- Organizer of planetary sessions at the Asian Oceanian Geophysical Society 
     (AOGS) since 2004.
- President of the International Committee for Planetary Atmospheres and 
     Environments (ICPAE) since 2003.
- Committee Member of "Physics Year 2005"
- Contact member of EUROPLANET and co-organizer of the First European 
     Planetary Sciences Conference (EPSC) in Berlin, 18-22 September 2006.
- Co-organizer of the Planetary Conference in Blois, France, 5/25-6/2 2006.
- Guest Editor of special Planetary Space Science issues since 2003.
Candidate Statement:
The DPS gives us the opportunity to meet annually and discuss our recent 
research efforts and discoveries.  I have experience in organizing meetings 
and international assemblies all around the world. If elected in the 
committee, I will try to make these meetings a place and time where planetary 
scientists from all over the world can come together and exchange - more 
efficiently than through e-mail - ideas, impressions and results. I will 
To do this I will ensure the existence of valid candidates for DPS meetings' 
venues in the Northern and Southern America, in Europe, but also in Asia, 
Oceania, and any other country that has the possibility to host such a 
meeting. I will help the local organizing committee to develop the right 
environment for our colloquia. I will also therein propose special sessions 
to focus on recent results from the numerous space missions both planned, and 
underway. Furthermore, I find that in the past years, the number of meetings 
on themes related to our field has increased impressively. In this context, I 
will make sure that these colloquia have some coordination.
Recent significant successes in space missions and ground-based observations 
have demonstrated that :
a) planetologists are efficient, imaginative and nevertheless rigorous
b) that we are the recipients of the dreams of many people and hence we are 
c) the collaboration among nations (as for example in the ESA-NASA-ASI 
collaboration in the framework of the Cassini-Huygens mission) leads to 
success and makes us a group to be reckoned with, giving us the power to 
resist the wimps of politics.
The DPS is becoming a large, multiethnic society. As such we can make our 
voice heard and assure the promotion of our requirements. I will also support 
and facilitate collaborations among the DPS members. In my mind this is the 
only constructive and fruitful way to go in the future for science - and for 
Planetology in particular.
I am intent on working with the elected leadership of the DPS to have the 
outcome of the DPS meetings and decisions heard in all international 
instances and assure that there is a result and an impact of our decisions 
for the well-fare of the planetary community.
SIMON MITTON, Candidate for DPS Committee
Biographical Information:
Fellow and Treasurer, St Edmund's College, Cambridge UK
Associate Research Scholar, Department for the History and Philosophy of 
Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Ph. D. in Physics, University of Cambridge, 1972
M. A.  in Physics, University of Oxford, Charlottesville 1968
Research Fellow, Institute of Theoretical Astronomy, University of Cambridge, 
Departmental Secretary, Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, 
Senior Editor, Cambridge University Press, 1978-1980
Science Director, Cambridge University Press 1980-2001
Council, Royal Astronomical Society, 1975-78, and, 2002-2005
Outreach teaching, University of Cambridge, 1969-2004
Chair, LOC DPS 2005, Cambridge UK 2001-2005
Founding Editor, International Journal of Astrobiology 2001-present
Science Interests:
Planetary science, astrobiology, history of astronomy in the 20th century
Candidate Statement:
I have attended every DPS Meeting since 1992. I have also attended 
40 astrophysics Meetings of the AAS. At Cambridge University Press I 
was instrumental in starting a new list in planetary science. CUP is now 
the most active publisher of academic and professional books in 
planetary science.
My professional work is mainly conducted through the writing of books and 
feature articles. My biography of the British maverick theorist, Fred Hoyle 
(Conflict in the Cosmos, Joseph Henry Press, Washington) was published to 
great critical acclaim in 2005. I am a Fellow of the RAS and a Member of the 
IAU. I am active in speaking to amateur astronomical societies, to schools, 
and to giving media interviews of all kinds in support of astronomy and 
planetary science. I give professional seminars in universities. The ADS 
system lists 54 of my publications in astronomy and astrophysics. My most 
highly cited papers are on the magnetic field of the Milky Way Galaxy. I have 
written, co-authored, or edited 14 books, including professional level books 
as well as popular science.
My interest in serving on the Committee is to strengthen the link between DPS 
colleagues in North America and Europe, with some emphasis on the mutual 
linkage between the AAS and the RAS. As learned and professional societies 
become international I feel it is important that the global dimension should 
be reflected in the composition of the Committee.
In the immediate future I believe my experience in organising DPS 2005 will 
enable me to contribute in an informed manner on issues to do with the 
location, planning, finance, and running of future DPS Meetings.
MARLA H. MOORE, Candidate for DPS Committee
Biographical Information: 
Education: Ph.D. Astronomy, 1981 University of Maryland
M.S. Physics, 1967 Catholic University of America
B.S. Physics, 1962, Pennsylvania State University
Astrophysicist, NASA GSFC, 1991-present
Research Associate, University of Maryland
NRC Post-Doctoral Research Associate, NASA GSFC, 1981-1984
Adjunct Professor, and Planetarium Director, Montgomery College
Aerospace Engineer, NASA GSFC
Member of various NASA review panels (e.g. Planetary Atmospheres, Outer 
Planets, Exobiology)
Reviewer for (CRDF) Civilian Research and Development Foundation proposals
Reviewer for international and domestic journals (e.g. Icarus, JGR Planets, 
Mentor for various high school, undergraduate, graduate and post-doctoral 
Member of the DPS Meeting Organizing Committee, 1994
Member (AIP) Award for Science Writing Aimed at Children Committee, 1998-2001
Member (AAAS) Whitaker Science Writing Awards Panel, 1999-2002
Professional Affiliations: American Astronomical Society
Division of Planetary Science
American Geophysical Union
International Astronomical Union
Asian Oceania and Geosciences Society
Candidate Statement:
Many DPS members rely on financial support from NASA for their research 
programs.  These research scientists and their students are impacted by the 
decrease in available money for research, the decrease in the number of 
solicitations for ROSES, and the decrease in the number of NASA grants in the 
life and physical sciences programs.  The Vision for Space Exploration 
mandate may mean that entire research programs and laboratories will become 
unfunded. Flagship missions and some smaller missions are still untouched, 
but getting the most out of these missions requires input from appropriate 
laboratory research, theory, and ground-based observations.  I would like to 
help the DPS community to communicate the importance of our work to the 
public, a key to developing constant support for planetary research programs.  
The annual DPS meeting is a high point each year for planetary scientists; a 
time to discuss new results, and exchange ideas.  I support high quality 
meetings that are cost-efficient, and meetings that are scheduled for the 
convenience of most of its members.  I will promote meetings with sessions 
that reflect the most current successes in planetary astronomy, as well as 
the diversity of the community's research areas.  I would like to see special 
sessions in astrobiology and in laboratory research, each with invited 
speakers, at appropriate intervals.  I support education-related activities 
and public outreach programs currently administered by the DPS since I 
believe that engaging students and educating teachers is another key element 
leading to long-term public support of planetary science.
ADAM SHOWMAN, Candidate for DPS Committee
Biographical information:
Adam Showman earned a B.S. in physics from Stanford in 1991 and an M.S. and 
Ph.D. in planetary science from Caltech in 1998.  He did postdoctoral 
fellowships in Louisville, KY and at the NASA Ames Research Center  before 
becoming an assistant professor of planetary sciences at the University of 
Arizona, where he has been since 2001. His research interests involve the 
dynamics of planetary atmospheres and interiors, broadly defined, with 
specific research efforts focusing on dynamics of giant planet atmospheres; 
extrasolar giant planets; and the tectonics, resurfacing, and orbital-thermal 
evolution of icy satellites.
Candidate statement:
The past year has seen among the greatest challenges to planetary science in 
the history of the field. NASA's efforts to maintain funding for the Shuttle 
and ISS while jump-starting the Crew Exploration Vehicle have led to deep 
cuts in R&A programs, including an unprecedented 50% cut in Astrobiology. 
These cuts are crippling for many planetary-science researchers, especially 
those on soft money, and will almost certainly cause a loss of capable 
scientists from the field.  Deep cuts in the Graduate Student Researchers 
Program prevented most newselections this year, which sends the wrong message 
toour student researchers and will probably cause many students to 
re-evaluate their choice of professional field. All these cuts betray a lack 
of appreciation for, and understanding of, the role that science plays in the 
Nation's program of space exploration.  Such cuts are particularly egregious 
given the small fraction of NASA's budget that goes toward basic research: 
debilitating cuts to R&A funding free only enough dollars to make a small 
dent in reducing cost overruns in the manned space programs.
As the major voice of the planetary science community, the DPS has a crucial 
role to play in these trying times. In addition to hearing from the DPS about 
specific issues as they arise, I believe that NASA needs to consistently and 
repeatedly hear several messages from the DPS:
Importance of research:  NASA sometimes appears to forget that the reason to 
fly machines in space is to learn about the planets and Universe, which is 
impossible without a robust research program.  It is not a good use of 
National resources to spend billions of dollars sending machines to the 
planets without funding the proper research to understand the data we collect 
about those bodies. NASA is driven by many motivations, but we need to make 
sure that basic research remains crucial.
Importance of continuity:  In lean times, it may be inevitable  that research 
funding declines.  But continuity on multi-yeartimescales is as crucial as 
absolute funding level.  It shows the utmost lack of vision for NASA to spend 
years encouraging the creation of a field such as Astrobiology and then turn 
around and gut it with a single decision.  Whatever the funding level for 
basic research, it needs to be stable.  The DPS also needs to make sure NASA 
understands that cutting programs (both R&A and missions) after proposals 
have been submitted -- or, even worse, after selection letters have been sent 
out -- destroys the good-will of scientists toward NASA and erodes the 
strength of the field.   With proper long-term planning, these problems can 
be avoided.
Finally, the planetary science community can and should be a major part of 
the decision-making process within NASA.  Recent decisions about which 
programs/missions to cut were largely made without consultation of the 
planetary community, which is bizarre since we are the community most 
affected by those decisions.  As a community, we are best-suited to helping 
NASA set priorities about how planetary-oriented funding should be spent, 
particularlywhen funding is limited and tough decisions have to be made. The 
DPS can help by providing a unified voice for our views, which will help NASA 
view us as a resource rather than as a thorn in its side. 
If elected,  I will help the DPS interface with NASA on these broad issues as
well as with any specific crises that arise.
Send submissions (no attachments, please) to:
Linda French Emmons, DPS Secretary (lfrench @
Department of Physics
Illinois Wesleyan University
P. O. Box 2900
Bloomington, IL 61702