Date: Mon, 7 Feb 2005 14:03:04 -0600
Subject: DPS Mailing #05-05:  Message from the Chair....
Greetings, DPS Colleagues,
       3)   PRELIMINARY DPS 2005 INFO
Dear Colleagues:
Last week saw another ominous development for planetary science.  On 
Wednesday, NASA announced its selections from the latest (11th) round 
of Discovery proposals.  From 18 proposals, no stand-alone flight 
missions were selected, an unprecedented occurrence.
The DPS is stunned by this decision.  Discovery proposals require a 
tremendous amount of unfunded work by Principal Investigators (PIs), 
their Co-Investigator teams, NASA centers, other research centers 
and laboratories, and their industry partners.
Are we to believe that none of the flight missions proposed merited 
going to "Phase A," which is not selection for flight, but selection 
for further detailed study to determine suitability for flight?
The Discovery Program is one of NASA's most innovative and 
cost-effective programs.  It is a major and in our judgment 
irreplaceable part of planetary exploration. Incredible ideas are 
conceived, and if all goes well, brought to fruition.  Missions are 
flown, such as Pathfinder, NEAR, Lunar Prospector, Stardust, 
Genesis, Messenger, and Deep Impact, that frankly never would have 
had little chance of being flown under the old way of doing business. 
While the Discovery proposal PIs have yet to be debriefed on the 
details of each evaluation, we do know that some submitted proposals 
have heritage from earlier rounds and have in past Discovery proposal 
cycles simultaneously received the highest possible scientific ranking 
and the lowest possible risk ranking.
Last week, NASA also announced that the next Discovery AO would be 
released soon, and officials have told us that both the cost cap 
would be raised and the existing budget profile restrictions would 
be relaxed.  These are welcome developments, but the effect of last 
week's non-selection will likely adversely affect the applicant 
pool regardless of the scope of the program in the future.
As we noted above, qualified teams and their industrial partners 
have invested their own resources, countless man-hours and (all 
together) millions of dollars.  But in the face of such seemingly 
arbitrary actions by the Agency, they cannot be expected to continue 
doing so. And as a result, America's space program is the loser.
In effect, the non-selection of potential mission candidates for 
study means that a Discovery mission has been cancelled, and the 
Discovery selection process has failed.  We call upon NASA to 
conduct an open selection-process failure analysis, just as it 
would for a flight mission loss.
The paradigm of PI-led missions like Discovery represents American 
enterprise, ingenuity, and entrepreneurship at its best.  The 
Discovery Program, and the nascent New Frontiers Program, and the 
smaller scale Explorer programs, all PI-led, must not be allowed 
to falter.  The DPS strongly urges NASA to reaffirm its support 
for the Discovery and other PI-led programs by making mission 
selections in response to NASA Aos, and to work with Congress 
to ensure the funding of these missions.
Finally, we note that last week's decision takes place against 
the background of profound change in NASA's directions and 
priorities, more details of which are expected in the FY06 
Federal Budget to be released Monday, February 7th.  The AAS and 
DPS will be closely analyzing the implications of the budget for 
NASA and the programs within it. 
In the meantime, letters, phone calls, and faxes to NASA and the 
press in support of the Discovery and other PI-led programs are 
critically important.  These could stress 1) your disappointment 
in the recent non-selection and 2) your support for Discovery and 
other PI-led programs; request that 3) NASA openly investigate 
the causes of this non-selection; and most important, that 
4) NASA recommit itself to making competitive selections in 
these programs. 
We ask you, however, to also prepare for a much larger effort 
that we may be calling upon you to undertake, which transcends 
our serious concerns for individual programs.
On behalf of the DPS Committee,
Bill McKinnon
DPS Chair
As announced in Mailings #05-01 and 05-02, the DPS Prize Subcommittee 
is seeking nominations for 2005 winners of the Urey, Kuiper, Masursky, 
and Sagan Prizes.  The deadline for submission of completed 
applications is 7 March, 2005.
More information is available at
along with a nomination form.  A complete nomination will be considered 
by the Prize subcommittee for three years. You may wish to contact me 
to see if there already is an active pending nomination for your 
candidate. Because of the time it takes to accumulate materials 
needed for a nomination, I encourage all of you to begin as soon 
as possible. The award will be presented at the 2005 DPS meeting 
in Cambridge, England.
William D. Cochran
DPS Prize Subcommittee Chair
McDonald Observatory
1 University Station C1402
Austin TX 78712-0259
Ph: (512) 471-6474
Fax: (512) 471-6016
wdc at
The preliminary meeting website is at  It is 
not yet possible to book accommodation, etc., via the website.  Those 
functions will be available soon.
Dear Colleague,
We are working with NASA to establish a Venus Exploration Analysis 
Group (VEXAG). While this group will build on a nucleus of US scientists 
involved in the ESA's Venus Express mission, it is intended to represent 
the full range of scientific interest in the study or our sister planet.
As NASA moves to redefine itself in light of the President's Vision for 
Exploration, strategic roadmaps are being developed for exploration and 
scientific investigations throughout the solar system. We feel that it 
is imperative that the Venus community has a voice as these roadmapping 
exercises continue to define mission priorities for the coming decades. 
VEXAG is intended to fill this role of assisting NASA in its planning 
and to represent the wishes of the community in much the same way as 
MEPAG, LEAG and OPAG represent the Martian, Lunar and Outer Planets 
Communities, respectively.
If you have a wish to participate in VEXAG or simply want to stay informed 
of Venus-related activities internationally, please register at out 
new web site.
While this site is now just under construction, it is intended to 
act as a locus for information on Venus activities, and as an 
archive for and connection to Venus data.
Best regards,
Steve Mackwell
Director, LPI
Linda French Emmons, DPS Secretary
send submissions to lfrench at
Submissions should be in text format (no attachments, please).